Another threat to the rainforest in Brazil - Tree of Souls - An Avatar Community Forum
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Old 05-03-2012, 08:15 AM
Taronyu
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Default Another threat to the rainforest in Brazil

New threats to the forests of the Amazon:

Quote:
Brazil's Congress Approves Controversial Forest Law
April 26, 2012 | Source: BBC News

The Brazilian Chamber of Deputies has approved controversial legislation that eases rules on how much land farmers must preserve as forest.

Brazil's powerful farmers' lobby argues that the changes will promote sustainable food production.

But environmentalists say the new forest code will be a disaster and lead to further destruction of the Amazon.

The bill now goes to President Dilma Rousseff, who may use her veto to remove some clauses.

Wednesday's 247-184 vote in favour of the new forest code capped a year of political wrangling.

Brazil's farmers have long pushed for changes, arguing that uncertainty over the current legislation has undermined investment in the agriculture sector, which accounts for more than 5% of GDP.

Severe environmental restrictions have also forced many smaller farmers off their land, they argue.

Missed targets?
Rural producers would have "more stability and political support," said Deputy Paulo Piau, who drew up the Chamber's version of the bill.

"Production and the environment will only benefit from that. With a confused law there is no benefit," he said.

"Over the years, we have slowed deforestation and intensified production. Now we are going to modify all the things that resulted in the decrease of deforestation by changing the legislation," said Deputy Sarney Filho.

Greenpeace urged President Rousseff to veto the changes, saying: "It is unbelievable that the forest code is being eroded weeks before Brazil hosts the Rio summit (on sustainable development)."

Several former environment ministers had warned that Brazil would miss its emissions targets if the code were weakened, Greenpeace noted.

Deforestation of the Amazon has slowed in recent years, as a result of better law enforcement, with authorities using satellite images to track clearance.

Under the Forest Code, which dates back to 1965, landowners must conserve a percentage of their terrain forested, ranging from 20% in some regions to 80% in the Amazon.

This provision remains, but environmentalists say other changes to the code will erode key protections.

Under the new bill, farmers will be able to cultivate land closer to hilltops and riverbanks, which are especially vulnerable to erosion if trees are chopped down.

The bill also provides an amnesty from fines for illegally clearing trees before July 2008, although larger landholders would have to replant most of the cleared area or preserve the same amount of land elsewhere.

President Rousseff faces a political dilemma, correspondents say, as she seeks to combine support for economic development, but also uphold environmental pledges made during her election campaign in 2010.
AMAZON WATCH

Still the president can veto the new law:

Quote:
Rousseff Pressed to Veto Brazil Forestry Law

The legislation would allow landowners to cultivate riverbanks that were previously protected, and would provide an amnesty from fines for illegal logging.

April 26, 2012 | AFP

Brasilia, Brazil – Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff came under enormous pressure from environmentalists to veto a new forestry bill they fear will speed up deforestation of the Amazon rainforest. Carlos Rittl, a WWF climate expert, called it the "biggest environmental retreat in Brazil in decades."
AMAZON WATCH


President Dilma: Veto This Forest Code Hatchet Job!

AMAZON WATCH
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  #2  
Old 05-03-2012, 08:24 AM
Taronyu
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On top of this the whole of Amazon is under threat from a lot of planned mega dams (Belo Monte is just one of many):


Quote:
Will Mega-Dams Destroy the Amazon?

More than 150 new dams planned across the Amazon basin could significantly disrupt the ecological connectivity of the Amazon River to the Andes with substantial impacts for fish populations, nutrient cycling, and the health of Earth's largest rainforest, warns a comprehensive study published in the journal PLoS ONE.

Scouring public data and submitting information requests to governments, researchers Matt Finer of Save America’s Forests and Clinton Jenkins of North Carolina State University documented plans for new dams in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. They found that 40 percent of the projects are already in advanced planning stages and more than half would be large dams over 100 megawatts. 60 percent of the dams "would cause the first major break in connectivity between protected Andean headwaters and the lowland Amazon", while more than 80 percent "would drive deforestation due to new roads, transmission lines, or inundation."

"These results are quite troubling given the critical link between the Andes Mountains and the Amazonian floodplain," said lead author Finer in a statement. "There appears to be no strategic planning regarding possible consequences to the disruption of an ecological connection that has existed for millions of years."
AMAZON WATCH
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  #3  
Old 05-03-2012, 08:25 AM
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Worthless ****s.

I wish I could wipe that whole state off the map. I hate them, I hate them with every fiber of my being, and I want them to

DIE.
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  #4  
Old 05-03-2012, 08:58 AM
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Raiden gave voice to my thoughts. Hate them all.
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  #5  
Old 05-03-2012, 10:02 PM
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Brazil is such a political mess...
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  #6  
Old 05-26-2012, 04:33 AM
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Taronyu
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Friday 25th May

Avaaz: Dilma Fails Global Climate Leadership Test


As a result of huge global pressure, President Dilma announced she will remove some of the most controversial parts of the Forest Code, but Avaaz argue that she failed a litmus test of global climate leadership by not using her full veto.

Avaaz presented its petition signed by 2.1 million people yesterday (Thursday) to Gleisi Hoffmann (Chief of Staff), Gilberto Carvalho (Cabinet Minister), Izabella Teixeira (Environment Minister).

Minister of Institutional Relations Ideli Salvatti said that the strength of public opinion prevented Dilma from passing the Code that was approved by Congress.

Emma Ruby-Sachs, Campaign Director said:
"Public pressure has forced Dilma to ditch some of the most controversial parts of the Forest law, but she failed to silence the chainsaws and establish her climate credentials ahead of Rio+20. Today the power of two million people has shielded the Amazon from an unprecedented massacre, but the fight to protect the rainforest will continue.”

https://secure.avaaz.org/act/media.php?press_id=330

It seems, that even millions of people's voices - including my own, by signing that peition - cannot budge potilicians (or the big money hiding behind them, while controlling their politics). The Neytiri quote applies yet again (and I wish, it would cease doing so, really): "This... is sad. Very sad only!"

~*Txim Asawl*~
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  #7  
Old 05-28-2012, 01:20 AM
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I doubt any size petition or any number of complaints could really stop the destruction. I have to be pessimistic about this one. I believe it's all a show.
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  #8  
Old 05-28-2012, 01:27 AM
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Taronyu
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Hmmm... I can tell you something, I believe it is safe to point to one man: Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva. He's been putting a lot of pressure to build roads across pristine forests, mega dams and so on because he is a major shareholder precisely in those businesses, and given his privileged access to information... well, you know what I mean.

EDIT: BBC News - Brazil President Rousseff vetoes parts of forest law
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Last edited by applejuice; 05-28-2012 at 02:58 AM.
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