Lesson 5 - Nouns: Number. - Tree of Souls - An Avatar Community Forum
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Old 03-15-2010, 06:29 PM
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Default Lesson 5 - Nouns: Number.

For this lesson use http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Na'vi/Nouns as an additional source of knowledge.

Words used:
Tsmukan - brother
Nari - eye

Noun - a word defining a person or an object ([a] cat, car, dog, person, life, freedom, food etc.)

Na'vi have some important prefixes for nouns. We need to know them to continue our study. Those prefixes include "number, gender, and case".
Which is - how many of this object we want to describe? What gender is it ? (Gender is optional, used very rarely) And what's the object's role in the sentence (is it an object that something happened to, is it something we want to give something, etc.).

In this lesson I will cover "number" of nouns.

There are three prefixes marking the number of a noun.
1 - (no prefix) - tsmukan - singular
2 - me+ - mesmukan - dual
3 - pxe+ - pxesmukan - trial
plural - ay+, + - aysmukan , smukan - plural

Plural means that the number is unknown. In that case we can use a prefix ay with lenition or just do the lenition.
So smukan = aysmukan.

As you might have noticed all number prefixes cause lenition.
Yup, please refeer to the previous lesson for the lenition table.
Again, the most important number prefix to remember from this lesson is ay+.

In case of numbers with nouns there is an additional logical rule.
Since ikrans have only two eyes, you can't say that an ikran have eyes, you should say it has two eyes.
In this case: aynari - menari
This is pure logical case. We don't have to worry about it.

NOTE
This is not the way you say exactly how many objects are somewhere.
In English you can say that there is a "brother", and there are "brothers".
In Na'vi you can additionaly say that more like : "duobrothers" and "triobrothers" (the point is you don't use the exact word "two" or "three").

Numbers are a separate case (like 42 brothers).

So don't worry, for now you can only say 1, 2, 3, or unknown number of brothers

Here's an execrcise:
Translate to Na'vi: Goodbye brothers (remember about lenition!)
Answer (select): Kiyevame smuk (not 100% right, but if your translation looks like this - you did it good!)

Quick-link To Lesson 6- Lesson 6 - Pronouns, Or "Me, You, Him".
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Last edited by Mune; 07-28-2010 at 10:58 PM. Reason: Quicklink To Lesson 6 At Bottom.
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Old 07-28-2011, 03:22 AM
Sky Person
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Just so you know, BRILLIANT HELP right here.

Might I request, (if you are to go back through them)
To add more tests, I've found them really helpful for checking my memory.
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Old 10-09-2011, 09:26 AM
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I need your help.

I've been wondering for a long time: what's the plural for Eylan - friend?

I am sure I am in the right place for asking
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Old 10-09-2011, 03:14 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by apache_blanca View Post
I need your help.

I've been wondering for a long time: what's the plural for Eylan - friend?

I am sure I am in the right place for asking
The plural of 'eylan (note the apostrophe; it denotes a glottal stop) is eylan or ayeylan (these forms are equivalent and refer to a number greater than three), or meylan or pxeylan for two and three friends, respectively.

Last edited by Carborundum; 10-09-2011 at 03:18 PM.
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Old 10-09-2011, 03:17 PM
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The plural for friend is just what you wrote - eylan. A common thing people forget is the apostrophe when it comes before words; this is actually a consonant, the glottal stop.

So, one friend = 'eylan

More than three friends = eylan or ayeylan

Hope this answers your question!
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Old 10-10-2011, 06:15 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Unknown View Post
...More than three friends = eylan or ayeylan

Hope this answers your question!
oh! irayo, srane, it does!
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Knowledge is a chimera for beyond any knowledge there ever lies other knowledge that renders the previous knowledge false. (The Chronicles of Thomas Covenant, The Unbeliever Vol.II- Stephen Donaldson)

What the bleep do we know!


I know only this:
Eywa has taken me on a ride...
... the one I don't want come back from
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